Silas Deane Assignment

*******SUMMER ASSIGNMENT*******
DUE THE FIRST DAY OF CLASS.
You received the necessary information for this assignment in May but the two documents you will need can be accessed below. They are titled AP United States History 2017-2018 and APUSH Summer Assignment Documents. The welcome letter you received in May is also located below with information about the class and the textbook you need by the first day of school if not earlier to assist with your summer assignment.

AP United States history students will examine the development of the United States from the pre-Columbian era to the present day by identifying major economic, social, political, and environmental themes. This course offers an interpretive overview of American history with heavy emphasis on developing student’s ability to read, interpret, and write critically about a range of demanding historical texts.

AP US History

Silas Deane Papers

A Guide to the Silas Deane Papers at the Connecticut Historical Society

(Click here for printable PDF)



Collection Overview

Repository :Connecticut Historical Society
Creator :Deane, Silas
Title :Silas Deane Papers
Dates : 1740 - 1782
Extent :7 linear feet (11 boxes)
Abstract :Personal and business correspondence, writings, business and legal papers, and accounts relating overseas activity. Also included is the Memorial to Congress, documents supporting the claims of Silas Deane's heirs against the US government. Series 6 contains correspondence of Barnabas Deane, Silas' brother.
Location:Ms Deans1789
Language: English

Biographical Sketch

Silas Deane was born December 24, 1737 in Ledyard, CT, son of Silas Dean (sic), a blacksmith and land speculator, and Sarah Barker Dean, formerly of Marshfield, MA. Following his 1758 graduation from Yale College, Deane taught school in Hartford and read for the bar. One of his pupils was Edward Bancroft, later a notorious doctor turned British agent, who served as Secretary to the American Commission in Paris.

Deane met his first wife, Mehitable Webb, while settling the estate of her late husband, Joseph Webb. Deane and Mehitable Webb married in 1763. They had one son, Jesse. Mehitable Deane died in 1767. Three years later Deane married Elizabeth Saltonstall, granddaughter of a governor and daughter of a general. Through his marriages Deane gained financial security and earned social prominence in Wethersfield. He pursued his legal profession but was engaged chiefly as a merchant and West Indian trader.

Deane was active in his community's church and represented Wethersfield for several terms in the Connecticut Assembly. He participated enthusiastically in the protests against British commercial policy. As Secretary of the Connecticut Committee of Correspondence, Deane attended meetings and conventions to discuss ways of expressing the colonies' complaints. In 1774 the Connecticut Committee of Correspondence appointed Deane, Roger Sherman and Eliphalet Dyer as delegates to the Continental Congress in Philadelphia. In this position Deane served on 40 committees, being especially effective on the naval committee and as chairman of ways and means. He disliked his fellow delegate, Roger Sherman, and their incongeniality later hurt Deane as Sherman opposed him politically. Deane orchestrated the financial backing for the daring capture of Fort Ticonderoga.

In Fall 1775 delegates to the Continental Congress were elected rather than appointed, and Sherman's organization defeated Deane. Deane had made such an impression in Philadelphia, however, that he was chosen by the Committee on Secrecy to procure supplies as Congress' agent to France. Additionally, Deane was chosen by the Committee on Secret Correspondence to promote a treaty of alliance. He departed March 16, 1776 and arrived at Bordeaux in May. In addition to his official duties, Deane had private business assignments with the Morris, Willing Company of Philadelphia and for his own family enterprises. Deane was to purchase supplies and materiel for Congress with money or credit from the sale of American commodities in Europe. He was to receive a commission of 5%. It was a daunting situation for Deane who did not have any contacts and did not speak French.

Deane established a relationship with Hortalez and Cie, a firm devised by the French government as a cover for trade with the colonies. The firm was headed by Caron de Beaumarchais. Through this and other deals, Deane managed to ship supplies and guns to Portsmouth, New Hampshire. The supplies arrived in time to assure the victory at Saratoga. This in turn convinced the French to sign a treaty of alliance. Congress had created an American Commission at Paris to supersede its individual agent. Deane was named a Commissioner along with Benjamin Franklin and Arthur Lee. The three signed the treaty of alliance Feb. 6, 1778. In March, Deane's enemies in Congress and the friends and family of Arthur Lee, his antagonistic fellow commissioner in Paris, demanded his recall to report on the situation in Europe and account for funds spent. Deane would have preferred to postpone his return but, on the advice of Franklin, sailed on D'Estaing's flagship with Conrad A. Gerard, the first French minister to the United States. They arrived in Philadelphia in July.

Congress then proceeded to ignore Deane's efforts to meet, make his report, and present his accounts for payment. He had used many of his own funds for the government's business and commissions were owed him, but Deane was thought to have misused government funds for his own interest. As time passed and Deane became aware that his enemies in Congress were humiliating him, he grew impatient and wrote a public statement which was taken up by the press. Congress resented this action. During the year in which Deane waited on Congress he was nominated for a seat in the upper house of the Connecticut legislature but did not serve. In August 1779 Congress offered him $10,000 in depreciated currency which he refused. He was determined to return to France to collect the vouchers needed to substantiate his claims. After attending to family commercial business in Virginia, Deane returned to France in March 1780 as a private citizen.

In Paris Franklin was supportive and hospitable. Deane prepared his accounts, but again, Congress delayed reviewing them. Congress had appointed Thomas Barclay, the Consul at Paris, to the task but claimed he had not the authority to settle them. Deane moved to Ghent to save money and avoid imposing on Franklin. Deane's health and fortunes deteriorated and his morale suffered keenly at the frustration of the delays. Eventually he moved to England and lived for a while on the charity of friends, among them Dr. Edward Bancroft, the erstwhile secretary of the American Commissioners in Paris, whose role as a double agent for the British would not be revealed until about 1870. Deane received discouraging reports from friends at home, Robert Morris among them, about the almost total erosion of the currency and the fiscally irresponsible Congress. In his own despondency he came to think a negotiated settlement of the war was advisable and wrote in this vein to friends, perhaps conniving at the interception of the letters by the British. They were published by the Tory publicist in New York, Rivington, and caused an outcry of treason. At the nadir of his fortunes and perspective on the war, Deane was unaware that with the intervention of the French navy, the military balance changed quickly and, as the Rivington letters appeared, Cornwallis's surrender was imminent.

Deane longed to return home but his loyal brother, Barnabas, warned he would not be accepted at that time. Remaining in London, Silas Deane explored many ideas for the promotion of post-war Anglo American commerce. Of special interest was a scheme for a canal between the St. Lawrence and Lake Champlain which he discussed with Lord Sheffield and Lord Dorchester (Guy Carleton), the Governor-General of Canada. Full of hope for such prospects, he borrowed money to board ship at Deal on September 23, 1789. However, before sailing Deane suffered a violent abdominal attack which caused paralysis and death. Suspicions of poisoning by Dr. Bancroft, an authority on poisons, have not been proved. He was buried at Deal. Barnabas later thanked and reimbursed a kind American, Theodore Hopkins, who attended to the interment of the body. In 1795 Deane's son, Jesse Deane, was to receive proceeds from the sale of his father's diamond encrusted gold snuff box.

Silas Deane's granddaughter and only heir, Philura Deane Alden and her husband, Horatio Alden of Hartford, prepared a Memorial to Congress in 1835 documenting Silas Deane's claims for money owed him by the government. The Memorial contains accounts and important documents such as Lafayette's commission. In 1842 both houses awarded the heirs $37,000, a partial restitution, and described the original audit by a Congressional Committee under the chairmanship of his old enemy, Arthur Lee, as "ex parte, erroneous and a gross injustice to Silas Deane."

Return to the Table of Contents


Scope and Content

The Silas Deane papers in The Connecticut Historical Society were acquired in different lots at different times in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Most were donated by Isabel Alden Thomas, the great- granddaughter of Silas Deane and last direct heir. Some were printed in Volumes II and XXIII of the Society's Collections, some microfilmed and some not reproduced at all. The 1835 Memorial to Congress by Philura Deane Alden and Horatio Alden was acquired from the U.S. Department of the Treasury in 1875. The bound volume containing the manuscripts of the Memorial which included the correspondence of Robert Morris, Caron de Beaumarchais, the Compte de Vergennes and other notables of the period, the original commissions of LaFayette and DeKalb and Silas Deane's own accounts prepared and presented to Congress, was found on May 15, 1871 in the waste paper bin of the Register's File Room of the Treasury and retrieved by a clerk, D.S. Green. It was acquired by the Society through the efforts of J. Hammond Trumbull and Charles Hoadley.

The collection consists predominately of correspondence, personal and business. Notable correspondents include: Robert Morris, Caron de Beaumarchais, the Compte de Vergennes, Jonathan Trumbull, Benjamin Gale, Oliver Ellsworth and William Drayton.

Materials are organized into six series based based largely on form.

Series I: Correspondence consists of letters to and from Silas Deane. Notable correspondents include Robert Morris, Caron de Beaumarchais, the Compte de Vergennes, Jonathan Trumbull, Benjamin Gale, Oliver Ellsworth and William Drayton.

Series II: Writings consists of memoires, essays, personal notes and petitions written by Deane, intended for publication or speech.

Series III: Business and Legal Papers relate mostly to shipping and shipping interests, particularly regarding contracts with the British Government over the supply of spar masts from the North American colonies.

Series IV: Accounts contains items concerning Dean's expenses while in France, England and the Low Countries, as well as accounts held with Jean Chartles DeBay, Haller Geradot, Ferdinand Grand, Nicholas LaFarque and Jonathan William.

Series V: Memorial to Congress comprises documents supporting the claims of Silas Deane's heirs against the US government

Series VI: Barnabas Deane holds the correspondence of Silas' brother, Barnabas, as well as a small number of business and legal papers. Correspondents include John Hancock and Jeremiah Wadsworth.

The documents are arranged chronologically within each series except in Series V: Memorial to Congress where the original order is kept. Folders are numbered sequentially within each series. An index of correspondents is appended. Some letters are contemporary copies by Deane, his secretary or the secretaries of his correspondents. There are several photocopies from other collections. The number of items listed for each folder represents the number of pieces of paper, rather than the number of letters or entities.

Return to the Table of Contents


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions on access to the collection.

Use Restrictions

Use of the material requires compliance with the Connecticut Historical Society's Research Center regulations.

Return to the Table of Contents


Subject Headings

Genre Forms

Holographs, signed; holographs; photocopies; printed material.

Includes commissions of Lafayette and De Kalb.

Includes papers of Barnabas Deane.

Geographic Names

Connecticut History Colonial period,

Connecticut History Revolution, 1775-1783.

United States Foreign relations 1775-1783.

United States History Revolution, 1775-1783 Finance, commerce, confiscations, etc.

United States History Revolution, 1775-1783 Participation, French.

Personal Names

Adams, John, 1735-1826.

Bancroft, Edward, 1744-1821.

Barclay, Thomas, 1753-1830.

Beaumarchais, Pierre Augustin Caron de, 1732-1799.

Bingham, William, 1752-1804.

De Kalb, Johann, 1721-1780.

Deane family.>ca 1600-1775 Deane family

Deane, Barnabas, 1743-

Ellsworth, Oliver, 1745-1807.

Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790.

Gale, Benjamin, 1715-1790.

Gerard, Conrad A., 1729-1790.

Hancock, John, 1737-1793.

Jay, John, 1745-1829.

Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de, 1757-1834.

Laurens, Henry, 1724-1792.

Lee, Arthur, 1740-1792.

Leffingwell, Christopher, 1734-1810.

Morris, Robert, 1734-1806.

Saltonstall, Gurdon, 1708-1785.

Sheffield, John Baker Holroyd, 1st Earl of, 1735-1821.

Trumbull, Jonathan, 1710-1785.

Wadsworth, Jeremiah, 1743-1804.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.

Wilson, James, 1742-1798.

Corporate Names

United States. Continental Congress.

Return to the Table of Contents


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Item, Collection Title, Collection number (Box #, Folder #). Connecticut Historical Society, Hartford, Connecticut.

Processing Details

Original paper finding aid created by Anne Willard in 1989.

EAD finding aid updated to EAD 2002 in December 2010.

Return to the Table of Contents


Related Material

An index of catalog cards is available to aid access to this collection and material in other collections. Access is through writer, recipient and date. The card catalog is located in the Research Center reading room.

There is also a card catalog, listing access to correspondent associated with the collection. this card index is located in the mss stacks, alongside the collection.

Microfilm copy available.


Contents:

Return to the Table of Contents

I. Correspondence: 1753 - 1795

BoxFolder
11Letters to and from Silas Deane. 1761 - 1769 (6 items)
12Letters to and from Silas Deane. 15 Feb. 1770 - 20 Feb. 1770 (5 items)
Oversized items shelved separately.
13Letters to and from Silas Deane. 23 Feb. 1770 - 24 May 1770, n.d. 1770 (9 items)
Oversized items shelved separately.
14Letters to and from Silas Deane. 5 July 1770 - 3 Oct. 1770 (8 items)
15Letters to and from Silas Deane. 5 April 1771 - 26 Feb. 1772 (3 items)
16Letters to and from Silas Deane. 3 Sept. 1772 - 26 Feb. 1773 (7 items)
17Letters to and from Silas Deane. (Photocopies 7 Feb., 11 April - 13 July, 20 July 1774). 26 March 1774 - 25 July 1774 (6 items)
18Letters to and from Silas Deane (19 Aug. Jonathan Trumbull).(Photocopies 1 Aug., 4 Aug., 9 Aug., 17 Aug. 1774). 18 Aug. 1774 - 29 Aug. 1774 (5 items)
19Letters to and from Silas Deane. 3 Sept. 1774 - 23 Sept. 1774 (25 items)
110Letters to and from Silas Deane. 9 Oct. 1774 - 30 Dec. 1774 (7 items)
111Letters to and from Silas Deane. (27 Feb. Benjamin Gale) 7 Feb. 1775 - 28 Feb. 1775 (8 items)
112Letters to and from Silas Deane. 30 March 1775 (2 items)
113Letters to and from Silas Deane. 4 April 1775 - 29 April 1775, n.d. 1775 (12 items)
114Letters to and from Silas Deane. (photocopy 15 May 1775). 4 May 1775 - 15 May 1775 (6 items)
115Letters to and from Silas Deane. 21 May 1775 - 31 May 1775 (8 items)
116Letters to and from Silas Deane. 1 June 1775 - 11 June 1775 (12 items)
117Letters to and from Silas Deane. 18 June 1775 - 25 June 1775 (10 items)
118Letters to and from Silas Deane. 1 July 1775 - 23 July 1775 (13 items)
119Letters to and from Silas Deane. Major correspondent: Jonathan Trumbull.(See Oversize Box 1 for 31 Aug. 1775) 10 August 1775 - 30 August 1775 (8 items)
120Letters to and from Silas Deane. (11 Sept. agreement with Sieur Du Coudrey - photocopy). 5 Sept. 1775 - 29 Sept. 1775 (7 items)
Oversized items shelved separately.
121Letters to and from Silas Deane. 3 Oct. 1775 - 30 Oct. 1775 (9 items)
122Letters to and from Silas Deane. (Benjamin Gale) - 27 Nov. 1775 9 Nov. 1775 (12 items)
123Letters to and from Silas Deane. (Benjamin Gale) 5 Dec. 1775 (1 item)
124Letters to and from Silas Deane. 1775 (no month) (1 item)
125Letters to and from Silas Deane (re. Benedict Arnold 24 Jan. 1776). 2 Jan. 1776 - 28 Jan. 1776 (12 items)
Oversized items shelved separately.
126Letters to and from Silas Deane(Benjamin Gale) - 30 March (re Benedict Arnold 5 Feb. 1776). 1 Feb. 1776 - 30 March 1776 (14 items)
Oversized items shelved separately.
127Letters to and from Silas Deane. 4 April 1776 - May 1776 (5 items)
128Letters to and from Silas Deane (June E. Bancroft). 5 June 1776 - 25 June 1776 (5 items)
129Letters to and from Silas Deane. 1 July 1776 - 30 July 1776 (15 items)
130Letters to and from Silas Deane.) 4 Aug. 1776 - 19 Aug. 1776 (7 items)
Oversized items shelved separately.
131Letters to and from Silas Deane. 12 Sept. 1776 - 30 Sept. 1776 (10 items)
132Letters to and from Silas Deane. 2 Oct. 1776 - 26 Oct. 1776 (11 items)
133Letters to and from Silas Deane. 7 Nov. 1776 - 30 Nov. 1776 (15 items)
134Letters to and from Silas Deane. (7 Dec. arrival of Franklin, France) 2 Dec. 1776 - 12 Dec. 1776, (10 items)
135Letters to and from Silas Deane (copies of letters Arthur Lee to committee of Secret Correspondence). 12 Dec. 1776 - 31 Dec. 1776 (9 items)
BoxFolder
236Letters to and from Silas Deane. 6 Jan. 1777 - 14 Jan. 1777 (13 items)
237Letters to and from Silas Deane (Carmichael, Thomas Morris and Robert Morris). 16 Jan. 1777 - 31 Jan. 1777 (16 items)
238Letters to and from Silas Deane. 2 Feb. 1777 13 Feb. 1777 (10 items)
239Letters to and from Silas Deane. February 1777 (18 items)
Oversized items shelved separately.
240Letters to and from Silas Deane. 2 March 1777 - 20 March 1777 (6 items)
241Letters to and from Silas Deane. 21 March 1777 31 March 1777 (7 items)
242Letters to and from Silas Deane. 12 April 1777 - 13 April 1777 (9 items)
243Letters to and from Silas Deane. 19 April 1777 26 April 1777 (9 items)
244Letters to and from Silas Deane. 2 May 1777 - 22 May 1777 (8 items)
245Letters to and from Silas Deane. 23 May 1777 - 26 May 1777 (7 items)
246Letters to and from Silas Deane. 2 June 1777 - 19 June 1777 (10 items)
247Letters to and from Silas Deane. 20 June 1777 - 29 June 1777 (9 items)
Oversized items shelved separately.
248Letters to and from Silas Deane. 1 July 1777 - 15 July 1777 (10 items)
249Letters to and from Silas Deane. 19 July 1777 - 31 July 1777 (10 items)
250Letters to and from Silas Deane. 1 Aug. 1777 - 19 Aug. 1777 (8 items)
251Letters to and from Silas Deane. 15 Aug. 1777 - 31 Aug. 1777 (9 items)
252Letters to and from Silas Deane. 1 Sept. 1777 - 15 Sept. 1777 (9 items)
253Letters to and from Silas Deane. 16 Sept. 1777 - 27 Sept. 1777 (8 items)
254Letters to and from Silas Deane. 7 Sept, 3 Oct. 1777 mss. copies (2 items)
Oversized items shelved separately.
255Letters to and from Silas Deane. 2 Oct. 1777 - 31 Oct. 1777 (10 items)
256Letters to and from Silas Deane. 7 Nov. 1777 - 25 Nov. 1777 (7 items)
257Letters to and from Silas Deane. 6 Dec. 1777 - 17 Dec. (10 items)
258Letters to and from Silas Deane. 20 Dec. 1777 - 30 Dec. 1777 (14 items)
258aLetters to and from Silas Deane. [1777?] (1 item)
BoxFolder
359Letters to and from Silas Deane. 3 Jan. 1778 - 31 Jan. 1778 (9 items)
360Letters to and from Silas Deane (6 Feb. 1778 copy treaty with France). 5 Feb. 1778-28 Feb. 1778 (9 items)
361Letters to and from Silas Deane. (12 March 1778 A. Lee; 29 March 1778 S.D. to Beaumarchais - copy; 31 March 1778 Franklin to H. Laurens - 2 copies) 3 March - 31 March 1778 (17 items)
362Letters to and from Silas Deane. (1 April 1778 & 24 April 1778 W.T. Franklin) 1778 (5 items)
363Letters to and from Silas Deane. 11 May 1778 4 June 1778 (4 items)
Oversized items shelved separately
364Letters to and from Silas Deane. 8 July 1778 - 22 July 1778 (2 items)
365Letters to and from Silas Deane. 26 Aug. 1778 30 Nov. 1778 (6 items)
366Letters to and from Silas Deane. 5 Dec. 1778 - 23 Dec. 1778 (4 items)
Letter of 21 Dec. 1778 filed in folder 3.67
367Silas Deane: Letter to Congress. 21 Dec. 1778 (1 volume)
368Draft letter to R. H. Lee for publication in Pennsylvania 17 Jan. 1779 (2 items)
369Letters to and from Silas Deane. 9 Feb. 1779 - 20 March 1779 (4 items)
370Memorial to Congress by William Drayton 19 April 1779 - 30 April 1779 (4 items)
371Letter to Congress 22 May 1779 (4 items)
372Address to the Free and Virtuous Citizens of America. 3 June 1779 (4 items)
373Letters to and from Silas Deane. 27 July 1779 - 29 Sept 1779 (7 items)
3 74Letters to and from Silas Deane. 12 Nov. 1779 - 28 Dec. 1779 (4 items)
374aLetter from "President of congress". 1779 (1 item)
375Letters to and from Silas Deane. (4 Robert Morris) 2 Feb. 1780 (copy) - 17 April 1780 (8 items)
376"List of Papers left with Mr. Simeon Deane, Williamsburg". 29 May 1780 (1 item)
Oversized items shelved separately
377Letters to and from Silas Deane, two from Robert Morris. 30 June 1780 - 29 Aug. 1780 (4 items)
Oversized items shelved separately.
378Letters to and from Silas Deane. 25 July 1781 - 26 Sept. 1781 (6 items)
379Letters to and from Silas Deane, two from John Jay, one (incomplete) from Robert Morris. 28 March 1781 - 18 June 1781 (6 items)
380Letters to and from Silas Deane. 2 Oct. 1781 - Nov. 1781 (8 items)
381Letters to and from Silas Deane, including letters from Oliver Ellsworth. 22 Jan. 1782 - 31 Jan. 1782 (10 items)
382Letters to and from Silas Deane, including one to Benjamin Franklin. 5 Feb. 1782 (1 volume)
383Letters to and from Silas Deane. 5 Feb. 1782 - 29 May 1782
Oversized items shelved separately.
384Letters to and from Silas Deane (some fragments). 16 Sept. 1782 - Nov. 1782 (14 items)
BoxFolder
485Letters to and from Silas Deane. 4 Jan. 1783 - 28 Feb. 1783 (14 items)
486Letters to and from Silas Deane. 3 March 1783 - 3 April 1783 (6 items)
487Letters to and from Silas Deane. 5 April 1783 - 23 April 1783 (5 items)
488Letters to and from Silas Deane. 1 May 1783 - 24 June 1783 (7 items)
489Letters to and from Silas Deane. (3 Aug. 1783 Benjamin Franklin) 25 July 1783 - 16 Aug. 1783 (7 items)
490Letters to and from Silas Deane. Includes: 1783 dated by C. Destler, re. John Trumbull, the Painter, 1783 extract instructions to Barclay, Sheffield. 22 Sept. 1783 - 20 Oct. 1783 (5 items)
491Letters to and from Silas Deane. 15 Jan. 1784 30 April 1784 (6 items)
492Letters to and from Silas Deane. 21 May 1784 22 Dec. 1784 (8 items)
493(first page missing, appears to be a letter) ms. refutation of calumny of Henry Laurens. 1784 (14 items)
494Letters to and from Silas Deane. Includes an open letter to Joseph Reed 1784 (27 items)
495Letters to and from Silas Deane. 7 April 1785 - 12 June 1785 (5 items)
496Letters to and from Silas Deane. 1 July 1785 - 5 Dec 1785 (8 items)
497Letters to and from Silas Deane, including on to Lord Doncaster and reply attached; 1 May 1787 (printed in Vol. 23 CHS Collections as 1789) 17 March 1786, 29 March 1787, 24 Oct 1787 (3 items)
498Letters to and from Silas Deane. 1 Feb. 1788 - 10 Aug. 1788 (6 items)
499Letters to and from Silas Deane. 3 Sept. 178.8 - 28 Oct. 1788 (6 items)
4100Letters to and from Silas Deane. 19 Nov. 1788 - 26 Dec. 1788 (8 items)
4101Letters to and from Silas Deane. 9 Jan. 1789 - 12 Aug. 1789 (11 items)
4102Barnabas Deane to Theodore Hopkins on the death of Silas Deane. 25 Feb. 1790 (1 item)
4103Letters from Robert Harris & Theodore Hopkins. 7 Jan. 1795 & 19 Feb 1795 (2 items)
BoxFolder
5104Letter book: 26 Aug. 1777 - 30 March 1778 26 Aug. 1777 - 30 March 1778 (1 Volume)
Mss note first leaf "One of Silas Deane's Letter books containing his correspondence from March 30 to August 23, 1777 was stolen from him by one Foulloy and sold to Jefferson for 25 louis for the account of the government. See Jefferson's Works, Vol ii, 454, 578, 582. The Secretary of State, May 8, 1876, wrote me that the book was not in the possession of that department" C.J.H. (Charles F. Hoadley).
5105 Letter book: 8 April 1780 - 23 Oct. 1781 8 April 1780 - 23 Oct. 1781 (1 Volume)
5106Letter book: 21 Oct. 1781 - 2 April 1784 21 Oct. 1781 - 2 April 1784 (1 Volume)
BoxFolder
6107Silas Deane Correspondence in other CHS collections: William Samuel Johnsonfrom the William Samuel Johnson Papers. 7 Feb. 1774 - 4 Aug. 1774 (4 items)
6108Silas Deane Correspondence (transcriptions) in other CHS collections: Richard Law from Ernst Law Papers. (2 items)
6109Silas Deane Correspondence in other CHS collections: Jonathan Trumbull from Jonathan Trumbull, Sr. Papers. 17 Aug. 1774 - 20 June 1775 (13 items)
6110Silas Deane Correspondence in other CHS collections: Joseph Trumbull from Joseph Trumbull Papers. 11 April 1774 - 7 Sept. 1775 (3 items)
6111Silas Deane Correspondence in other CHS collections: Jeremiah Wadsworth from Jeremiah Wadsworth Papers. 12 Oct. 1778 (6 items)
6112Silas Deane Correspondence in other CHS collections: Jeremiah Wadsworth from Jeremiah Wadsworth Papers. 9 Feb. 1779, 21 June 1779, 20 July 1779 (6 items)
6113Silas Deane Correspondence in other CHS collections: Jeremiah Wadsworth from Jeremiah Wadsworth Papers. 23 April 1786 (2 items)
6114Silas Deane Correspondence in other CHS collections: Agreement with Sieur Du Coudray from Williams Papers. 11 Sept. 1776 (2 items)
6115Transcriptions and translations of documents in English and French repositories - source unknown. 1776 - 1785 (12 items)
6116Silas Deane Correspondence in other CHS collections: Silas Deane to John Hancock, found in Vol.- 2 CHS Collections Sept. 14, 1778 (2 items)

Return to the Table of Contents

II. Writings: 1772 - 1786

BoxFolder
71"Proposals" Aug. 1772 (6 items)
72"Silas Deane on Relief for Boston" (printed in Connecticut Courant). 1774 (2 items)
73"List of Delegates at Philadelphia." Sept. 1774 (1 item)
74"Petition of His Majesty." Oct. 1774 (3 items)
75"Resolves Proposed 1774." 1774 (3 items)
76"A Plan for Making Discoveries, Purchases and Settlements on the Western Lands within the Limits of the Connecticut Charter" (photocopy). 1774 (1 Volume)
77Diary of Transactions in Congress, (fragments). 1 - 6 Oct. 1774 (2 Volumes)
78Circular letter from Lord Dartmouth. 3 March 1775 (1 item)
79Petition General Assembly New Haven. March 1775 (1 item)
710Petition to King (incomplete). March 1775 (1 item)
711Proposals for a confederation of the Colonies. July 1775? (1 item)
712Edict of Governor of Hispaniola. 16 Oct. 1775 (1 item)
713Extract minutes Congress: Resolution of the Appointment of Committee of Congress - written by Charles Thomson. (1 item)
714Articles of Agreement Wethersfield Company of Independents. April 1775 (1 item)
715Proposal to General Assembly (incomplete) re taxing. 1775 (1 item)
716"Essay uncompleted." 1775 (1 item)
717"Mémoire Infantry Regiment d'Aunis" March (in French). 1776 (1 Volume)
718"Mémoire" re resolution of independence, Congress, "presented to French minister on declamation of Independence 15 May, 1776". May 15, 1776 (1 item)
719"Mémoire" in relation to the commerce between Great Britain and Connecticut. 15 Aug. 1776 (1 item)
720On Commence Between Great Britain and America. [179-?] (9 items)
721"Observations of Commerce" - note from Sir Robert Herries. 1783 (11 items)
722Ms. drafts "Observations respecting a navigable canal from Lake Champlain to the St. Lawrence. Oct. 25, 1785 (4 items)
723"Additional Remarks" re canal Lake Champlain - drafts. 20 March 1787 (7 items)
724"Additional Remarks" re canal Lake Champlain - St. Lawrence. April 1788 (4 items)
725Notes on canal Connecting Lake Champlain to St. Lawrence River. [17--?] (9 items)
726"Mémoire" on tobacco. March 24, 1779 (1 item)
727Drafts "Mémoire" on tobacco. 1786 (4 items)
728On the making of salt. [17--?] (4 items)
729On the subject of sawing timber. [17--?] (2 items)
730Descriptions of Mills or Explanation of Droughts. [17--?] (1 item)
731Note on history of fruit and vegetable culture in Britain. [17--?] (1 item)
732Essay: Justification U.S. seeking independence. [17--?] (3 items)
733Observations on Gen. Gage's account of the affair at Lexington. [17--?] (1 item)
734Essay on the policy of France toward the American colonies in the Revolutionary Era. [17--?] (6 items)
735Notes and Statistics on Colonial trade with Great Britain. [17--?] (2 items)
736On post-revolutionary government in U.S. [17--?] (4 items)
737Essay in form of letter re. post-revolutionary settlement and trade with Britain. [17--?] (15 items)
738Draft "Mémoire" post-war commerce U.S. and Britain. [17--?] (12 items)
739"Loose and General Thoughts and Observations" on economy post-war U.S. and Britain. [17--?] (12 items)
740Notes and statistics on trade Great Britain and U.S. [17--?] (8 items)
741Drafts essay on post-war economic conditions Canada. [17--?] (8 items)
742"Chapter lst The Dignity of the Subject." [17--?] (4 items)
743Unidentified fragments, n.d. (letter from "Concord" with acrostic poems re Israel King) (Calculation compound interest) (note on inhabitants of Sheffield, 1615). [17--?] (6 items)
744Arthur Lee's Diaries. 1777 - 1779 (6 volumes)

Return to the Table of Contents

III. Business and Legal Papers: 1753 - 1788

BoxFolder
81Mss receipts and notes. 1753 - 1776 (5 items)
82Contracts for ships masts and spars with France and Spain. 1775 - 1776 (12 items)
83Contracts for ships masts and spars with France and Spain. 1778 (4 items)
84Contracts for ships masts and spars with France and Spain. 1779 - 1780 (3 items)
85Contracts masts British government. 1755 (4 items)
86Contracts masts British government J. Ingersoll). 1760 (3 items)
87Contracts masts American government. 1775, 1776, 1780 (5 items)
88Specifications, estimates, records wood cut for masts. [178-?] (3 items)
89Memos, receipts Gerard, Vergennes - Franey (gold box) Grand. [178-?] (4 items)
810Deeds: 1765 (land Colchester), 1779 (Ohio territory); copy contract for building of 3 story brick house, no place, no date. 1765 & 1779 (3 items)
811Elizabeth Deane to "Sammy" (Webb?) n.d. re sale carriage phaeton). [17--?] (1 item)
812Orders on behalf Josiah Buck endorsed by Jesse Deane, 1784, 1786; claims on estate J. Buck due J. Deane, 1799. 1784 & 1786 (5 items)
813Correspondence family and business Simeon Deane. 1775 - 1781 (5 items)
814Cash book Simeon Deane, 1776; receipt Simeon Deane to Barnabas Deane 1777; account of sale of cloth for Simeon Deane, 1785. 1776, 1777 & 1781 (3 items)
815Journal of the most material transactions relating to the Ship Soucy from the time of her arrival in Virginia until she was destroyed in the Invasion of Portsmouth. 1779, Sept 1. (1 Volume)
816Mss. map of Norfolk and Portsmouth, Va. 1779 (1 item)
817Plan of Pensacola Powder House. [179-?] (1 item)
818List of papers left with Simeon Deane, Williamsburg. May 29, 1780 (1 item)
819Inventory of the estate of Simeon Deane, Dec. 1788; deposition re will of Simeon Deane. 1788 (2 items)

Return to the Table of Contents

IV. Accounts: 1765 - 1781

BoxFolder
91Labels on packages of documents when received. [17--?] (2 items)
92Silas Deane's Summary of expenses while in Philadelphia on return from France; and receipts. 1778-80 (26 items)
93Silas Deane's expenses and receipts. 1765-1777 (7 items)
94Silas Deane's expenses in France and bill of goods 1778 (4 items)
95Silas Deane's expenses in France and America 1779 (5 items)
96Silas Deane's expenses in France 1780 (33 items)
97Silas Deane's expenses in France 1781 (17 items)
98Silas Deane's expenses in France and Ghent 1781 (21 items)
99Silas Deane's expenses in Ghent 1781 (39 items)
910Silas Deane's expenses in France and England 1783 (11 items)
911Silas Deane's expenses [17--?] (16 items)
912Accounts Edward Bancroft Feb. 1778 - Aug. 1779 (2 items)
913Account Samuel Beale [17--?] (1 item)
914Accounts Le Roy de Chaumont 1777, 1778, 1780 & 1786 (5 items)
915Accounts Jean Charles De Bay 1781-82 (1 item)
916Accounts Haller Geradot - Co. 1776-1778 (8 items)
917Accounts Ferdinand Grand 1777 & 1778 (7 items)
918Accounts Nicholas LaFarque 1777-81 (15 items)
919Accounts Robert Morris 1779 (1 item)
920Accounts Isaac Moses 1778-79 (4 items)
921Accounts Roche and Bromfield 1777-79 (17 items)
922Accounts Jonathan William 1777-80 (2 items)
923Receipts money paid to French officers going to America, 1776-77 (includes Demauroy commission as Major-General, 1776; note from Pulaski) 1776 - 1777 (8 items)
924Receipts money paid to American officers in France 1776-78 (19 items)
BoxFolder
1025Account book of Franklin, Deane and Adams. Dec. 1776 - June 1778 (1 Volume)
1026Summary of account of money owed by Congress to Silas Deane (compiled by Silas Deane). 1776 - 1780 (10 items)
BoxFolder
OB 11Writings: drafts essay on terms peace settlement Britain and America [17--?] (10 items)
OB 12Writings: articles of agreement of a privateer, (author unknown) 1740 (1 item)
OB 13Correspondence: Committee of Merchants May 23, May 29, 1770 (2 items)
Oversized items shelved separately.
OB 14Correspondence: convention landholders, merchants and inhabitants of Connecticut Sept. 10, 1770 (1 item)
OB 15Correspondence: 31 August 1775, 7 September 1775, 4 October 1775, 16 November 1775 (4 items)
OB 16Correspondence: 14 Dec. 1775 Silas Deane from G. Saltonstall 14 Dec. 1775 (1 item)
OB 17Correspondence 11 Aug. 1776, 12 Sept. 1776 (2 items)
OB 18Correspondence 1776 (2 items (1 Volume))
OB 19Writings: "General State of my Demand on the United States" 29 May 1780 (1 item)
OB 11013 Jan. 1776 Silas Deane to ED.; 23 Jan. 8 Feb. 1776 from G. Saltonstall: - March Farewell to ED. 1776 (4 items)
OB 111Correspondence (R. Morris) 28 Feb. 1777; 29 June 1777 (2 items)
OB 112Correspondence: 1 June 1778 (C. Thomas); 3 July 1780; (R. Morris); I Jan. 1781 (J. Wilson) 1778 - 1781 (3 items)
OB 113Correspondence: (Jonathan Trumbull); Letter from Jonathan Trumbull (missing) 15 May & 1 Nov. 1782 (5 items)
OB 114Correspondence: (Thomas Barclay with remarks on accounts). June 1784 - June 1785 (5 items)

Return to the Table of Contents

V. Memorials to congress: 1835

BoxFolder
OB 21Correspondence to James H. Trumbull and Charles J. Hoadley re transmission of Memorial from the U.S. Dept. of the Treasury 1863, 1875. Table of contents of Memorial appended to letter of April 20, 1875. 1863 & 1875 (6 items)
OB 22Printed copies Memorial of the Heirs of Silas Deane, Jan. 10, 1835. 3. Printed Reports Senate of the United States: 1841, 1842: 1835 (4 items)
OB 23Two Printed Reports of Senate of the United States: 1. 26th Congress 2nd Session; 2. 27th Congress 2nd Session. 1841 - 1842 (2 volumes)
OB 24Fly leaves from "Silas Deane's Accounts"; copy pencilled note inside back cover 1835 (3 items)
OB 25Copy of Commission of Captain granted by the king to Sieur Augustin Francois L'Epine Des-Epiniers. 15 Nov. 1776 (in French); found in these papers - not part of the Memorial; marked "A" on document and on Table of Contents 1835 (1 item)
OB 26

One thought on “Silas Deane Assignment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *